Islam is a comprehensive way of life, and is based on the Oneness of Allah and the role and status of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH as an example to humankind. This is expressed in the declaration of faith ‘There is no god except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’. A person becomes a Muslim not by race, nationality or culture, but by professing belief in that statement and by reflecting it in the practice of the Islamic way of life.
Muslims believe that Allah sent many Messengers and Prophets to whom He revealed His divine guidance, these included Adam PUH, Nooh (Noah) PUH, Ibrahim (Abraham) PUH, Musa (Moses) PUH, Isa (Jesus) PUH and the final prophet Muhammad PBUH, who was born in Makkah, Arabia in 570 CE. When he was 40 years old, Muhammad PBUH began receiving revelations through the Angel Jibril – (Gabriel). These continued over the next 23 years of his life and were recited and proclaimed by him to his companions.
These revelations were learned by heart and dictated to scribes. The completed revelation, the Qur’an, gives detailed guidance on how humankind should behave, in terms of moral conduct and family relationships as well as the treatment of animals and the natural world. Whatever the language of the Muslim, the Qur’an is recited in the Arabic language of its revelation.
The Islamic way of life encompasses all aspects of a person’s daily existence. Islam can best be described as a state of peace attained through willing obedience to Allah’s divine guidance. Muslims strive to achieve this by following the Qur’anic injunctions regarding behaviour and worship, for example the five daily times of salah (prayer), fasting during Ramadan, acts of charity pilgrimage to Makkah and constant consciousness of their relations with Allah.
An important part of Muslim community life for men and women all over the world is the Mosque. Friday is the day for congregational worship, but many Muslims attend the Mosque daily.